There are many benefits of planting trees like climate regulation, air purification, supporting biodiversity, conserving soil, managing water resources, mitigating urban heat island formation, besides enhancing landscapes, promoting well-being, and reducing stress. We give trees the best chance of survival, promote healthy growth, support their ability to contribute to the environment, and provide numerous benefits for many years by providing proper care to newly planted trees. Some tree-care steps explained:
Watering is critical for the establishment of newly planted trees. The goal is to keep the root zone adequately moist without overwatering. Water deeply and thoroughly, ensuring that the water reaches the root ball. The watering frequency depends on factors such as tree species, soil type, climate, and weather conditions. Generally, water newly planted trees 2-3 times a week during the first few months. Adjust the watering amount and frequency based on rainfall.
Organic mulch, such as wood chips or bark, helps conserve soil moisture, suppresses weed growth, and regulates soil temperature. Apply a 2-4 inches thick layer of organic mulch around the tree base. According to The Tree Care Guide, the mulch should extend to the dripline or the outer edge of the tree’s canopy. Avoid piling mulch against the tree trunk since it can lead to excessive moisture and potential rot.
Newly planted trees generally require minimal pruning, especially during the first year. Remove any broken, damaged, or diseased branches. It helps the tree focus its energy on root development rather than repairing damaged limbs. Avoid excessive pruning or shaping of the tree during the early stages, as it can hinder the tree’s growth and establishment. If you are undecided, contact ArborPro Tree Experts.
Staking is necessary only if the tree has a weak root system or if you live in a windy area. Use two or three sturdy wooden stakes placed evenly around the tree, away from the root ball. Tie the tree to the stakes using soft materials like tree straps or fabric. Avoid wires or tight materials that can damage the bark or restrict the tree’s natural movement. Remove the stakes and ties after the first year to allow the tree to develop a strong trunk and root system.
Protection from Wildlife
Depending on your area, wildlife like rabbits, deer, or rodents may browse on the tender bark or foliage of newly planted trees. Install tree guards or fences around the tree to prevent damage. Inspect the tree periodically for signs of browsing and adjust the protection as necessary. Be mindful of potential damage from lawnmowers, trimmers, or other equipment.
Monitoring and Maintenance
Regularly inspect the tree for any signs of pests, diseases, or other issues. Look for wilting leaves, discoloration, or abnormal growth patterns. Treat any problems promptly to prevent them from spreading or causing significant damage. Keep the area around the tree clean and free from debris that can harbor pests or diseases.
It’s important to note while these are general guidelines, specific tree species and local climate conditions may require additional care or adjustments. Consulting with local arborists, gardening experts, or extension offices can provide valuable insights and recommendations tailored to your region.