CBD is widely available in oils, gummies, and salves everywhere from your local drugstore to the wide world of the internet. When you’re shopping for CBD products, it’s important to know what you’re looking at so you can find the right option for your needs.
CBD is available in three different spectrums:
- Full-spectrum: Made using all of the cannabis plant, this contains less than 0.3% THC.
- Broad-spectrum: Made with most of the cannabis plant, this contains only trace amounts of THC.
- Isolate: Contains only CBD with no THC or other cannabinoids.
Full-spectrum products are often labeled as PCR (phytocannabinoid rich). This means that the product has a wide range of cannabinoids. Full-spectrum and broad-spectrum products are the most likely to have noticeable results. This is likely because they have multiple compounds that work together to produce the most powerful effects.
CBD products come in many different potency levels. Potency is typically measured in milligrams (mg). To determine how strong a product is, you must evaluate both the size of the product and the amount of CBD in it. For example, a 20 milliliter bottle of CBD oil with 2,500 mg CBD is only half as strong as the same size bottle with 5,000 mg.
High-potency CBD oils are those with at least 50 mg of CBD per 1 mL serving. If you’re using CBD for the first time, it’s typically best to start with a lower dose, around 5 or 10 mg per serving, and increase it gradually as needed.
CBD Oils and Tinctures
CBD oils and tinctures contain CBD in an oil, glycerin, or alcohol base. These products may come in different flavors to make them more palatable. The best way to consume oils or tinctures is to hold them under your tongue for as long as possible to allow them to dissolve before exposure to harsh digestive acids. Peak absorption usually happens about 30 minutes after using the product. Oils and tinctures may help improve sleep, lower stress and anxiety, or relieve pain.
CBD Gummies and Edibles
CBD edibles come in many forms, including chocolate, granola bars, honey, and beverages. CBD gummies are one of the most common options. Low dose gummies are usually about 5 mg each. Absorption of edibles varies depending on factors like how much you’ve eaten that day. You will usually experience peak absorption of an edible within one to two hours. Some products, however, may take up to six hours for peak absorption. Edibles can ease the same types of symptoms as oils.
Topical CBD Products
Topical CBD products go on the skin. This category includes creams, lotions, balms, and ointments. These products are usually designed to treat pain and inflammation in specific parts of the body. Topical CBD products may also help with conditions like psoriasis and eczema. Some users notice relief immediately upon application, while others don’t feel the full effects for a few hours.
CBD doesn’t offer the sensation of getting high, but it may help in many other ways. Start with low dose products and try a few different options to get the best product for your needs.