Some disease in a child is simple and doesn’t need treatment, such as a little hole between hearts chamber that near on its own. Another disease for hearts in a child is more complex and may require several surgeries performed over a period of several years.
The news that your child has a disease in heart will leave you worried about your kid’s health always every now and then. But, if you will understand your child’s heart disease, it will help you understand the situation and know what you can expect in the coming months and decades.
What causes paediatric congenital heart defects?
In many instances, the causes of the diseases are not known, but some connections have been identified:
· Women who get German measles (rubella) during their first trimester of maternity have a high chance of pregnancy with a disease for the heart.
· The threat may also be greater if the lady has some kinds of infections, is exposed to industrial solvents, takes certain kinds of drugs, drinks alcohol, or uses cocaine while expecting.
· Women who have given birth to a child with a disease for the heart are at greater chance of pregnancy to another child with a heart disease.
· Paediatric congenital heart disease can also occur along with other types of birth defects.
What can be done to avoid paediatric congenital heart defects?
In many instances, there is no way to avoid
· A pregnant mum should not consume liquor or medicines that have not been prescribed to her by a doctor.
· Women with certain chronic disease (such as a seizure disorder, diabetes, or phenylketonuria) should ask their doctors for advice on medicines or unique diets before they conceive.
· A lady who is able to conceive should get 400 micrograms of folate or vitamin b folic acid per day to avoid birth diseases.
How is disease detected?
Some congenital heart-related illnesses are now picked up when the mum has an ultrasound check out during maternity (usually at the 20-week scan), but sometimes they are not found until after the child has been born. Some conditions may not be discovered until the child is mature or even an adult.
· In very young children, the disease can have a range of symptoms because every child and situation is different. More common symptoms consist of extreme tiredness, inadequate feeding, sweating, fast heartbeat, difficulty in respiration, pain in the chest and a blue tinge to your skin. If you notice any of these symptoms in your child, you should seek medical care.
· If a disease for heart has been suspected after your 20-week maternity scan
· You may be asked to attend another visit with a professional or referred to a fetal medicine unit, obstetrician or a professional in cardiac or child medicine.
· If a heart disease is confirmed, you should be given a detailed description of the disease, information about any surgery that might be required, and the overall long-term outlook.
· If appropriate, professional monitoring and care will be provided before, during and after the beginning so that your infant can receive tests and therapy as soon as possible. Some heart illness can now also be handled in-utero (in the womb) before the beginning.
How are paediatric diseases for hearts treated?
It is a disease of the heart which may has no long-term effect on your child’s health – in some cases, such diseases can safely go untreated. Certain diseases, such as little holes, may even appropriate themselves as your child ages.
Many children who are born with paediatric congenital heart disease do not need therapy. In these situations, the troubles are mild or they simply appropriate on their own (for instance, an atrial septal disease may near on its own).
For children who have a heart disease that must be handled, there are two main options: therapy with a catheter, or open heart surgery.
The serious disease usually becomes obvious soon after beginning or during the first few months of life. Indicators could include:
· Rapid breathing
· Pale grey or blue skin colour cyanosis)
· Grunting when breathing
· Flared nostrils
· Shortness of breathing during feedings, leading to inadequate weight gain
· Swelling in the legs, abdomen or areas around the eyes
The Less serious disease may not be diagnosed until later in childhood, because your child may not have any noticeable symptoms of a disease. If warning symptoms are obvious in teenagers, they may include:
· Easily becoming short of breathing during workout or activity
· Easily getting tired during workout or activity
· Swelling of the hands, ankles or feet
Preparing for your appointment
If your child has a life-threatening heart disease, it will likely be recognised soon after birth, or possibly before beginning as a part of routine exams during maternity.
If you suspect your child has a heart disease later in infancy or childhood, talk to your child’s physician. Be prepared to describe your child’s symptoms and provide a family health background, since some paediatric congenital heart disease tends to be hereditary.
Your child’s physician may also want to know if the mum of the child had any health diseases or used any medicines or liquor while expecting that may have been a danger factor for developing a disease.
Regardless of the severity of your child’s disease for the heart, a heart professional should monitor him or her closely. Some children with the disease are at greater threat of a disease of the heart (endocarditis) and should be aware of unique safety measures required to avoid disease.