Regular, disciplined, and smart investments are the best way to grow your money. However, to maximize your profits and reduce the risks, it’s critical to diversify your investments.
Generally, diversification is a method that lessens the risks by allocating investments among different industries, financial instruments, and other categories. Although it isn’t a new concept, not all investors practice this strategy because they don’t know where to start.
If you’re a new investor who wants to build a well-balanced portfolio, here are some of the strategies to diversify your investments:
1. Know Your Ideal Asset Allocation
One of the best ways to diversify your investments is to know your ideal asset allocation. Before looking for credible gold IRA companies for gold investing or learning about other investments, you need to ensure that you have the right combination of investments to ensure balance.
For example, stocks are more volatile than some kinds of investments providing both a high risk of loss and high potential growth. On the other hand, short-term investments like bonds are less risky, but due to their stability, never expect rapid growth.
Your timeline may also factor into what type of investments are perfect for you. Due to stocks’ volatility, it can be an excellent idea to hold onto them for a long time. This way, your investments grow to mitigate losses. On the contrary, bonds and some stable investments tend to grow steadily and might be a better option for investors who prefer a short-term investment.
Once you determine the best investments for you, decide how much you want to spread your assets. For instance, you can spend 40% on bonds and 60% on stocks.
2. Never Focus On Quantity And Go For Variety Instead
Having many investments doesn’t make your portfolio diversified. To diversify your investments, you should have lots of various investments. It means you must have a combination of real estate funds, cash, bonds, international securities, and stocks.
Investments in stocks may help improve your portfolio, while bonds can bring more income. On the contrary, international investments may help you keep your buying power, and cash may provide your portfolio stability and security.
3. Keep Your Risk Tolerance In Mind
Remember to keep your risk tolerance in mind when diversifying your investments. Risk tolerance is the amount of money you’re willing to lose to have that long-term growth and higher returns.
Many factors may affect your risk level, and these are the following:
- Portfolio Size – When your portfolio grows, you can decide whether or not to raise your risk tolerance since you’ll require more capital available to sustain a short-term loss.
- Income Needs – If you have a full-time job, you can decide to invest in growth-oriented and high-risk investments. However, if you’ve retired, you can focus on low-risk investments such as dividend stocks and bonds, offering you a stable income.
- Time Horizon – Somebody who won’t retire for another 30 to 40 years might be willing to take on more risk than those who plan to retire 10 years from now.
The investments you choose must be guided by your risk tolerance. If you’re an investor with high-risk tolerance, you can invest more in equities. The cash holdings and cash percentage will usually be higher for those with low-risk tolerance.
If you’re unsure about your risk tolerance, you can take advantage of websites that offer risk-level questionnaires for free. Others may even provide asset allocation recommendations based on your answers. You may also work with financial advisors or money managers to create a customized portfolio based on your risk tolerance.
4. Think Of Global Investments
With countless investment options available in your country, it’s easy to forget about the other investment opportunities in the different parts of the globe. So, if your investment portfolio is focused on your country, it might be a good idea to diversify your investments by focusing on emerging markets.
It won’t only protect you from the negative events that could impact your country. Some markets might not suffer as much if your country suffers from an economic slowdown. Although emerging markets may sometimes face challenges because of their financial markets and underdeveloped economies, note that diversification isn’t only about smoothing out the bumps.
5. Consider Alternative Investments
If you want to add more investments, consider alternative investments. Assets including commodities and real estate investment trusts (REITs) are potential options. Commodities are physical goods, such as gold, wheat, natural gas, cattle, etc. You can invest via commodity funds or buy commodities directly.
On the other hand, REITs operate and own properties, including apartment buildings, office buildings, and shopping centers. Owning shares in REITs provides you with the opportunity to receive a part of the earnings of those companies in dividends. Moreover, REITs aren’t correlated with bonds or stocks.
6. Diversify Beyond Asset Class
Diversification may extend beyond the traditional asset classes found in usual investment accounts. An investment account has non-guaranteed returns since it’s subject to market fluctuation.
However, there are some product types, including insurance products, pensions, and annuities, that can offer guaranteed income returns and streams. Some investors may diversify their portfolios by spreading their investments among such product types to minimize risks.
7. Keep It Simple And Go Slow
When diversifying investments, it’s easy to add various things to your portfolio. This won’t help you figure out what’s working and what isn’t. You might also not generate low returns because your portfolio is diversified.
Therefore, try to keep it simple but never implement a strategy because it worked once. If possible, go slow by purchasing low-cost passive and active funds and add some kinds of investments, such as real estate or private equity, as your investment portfolio grows. Then, add sophistication whenever necessary.
8. Rebalance Your Portfolio Regularly
Regardless of how well-diversified your portfolio is, it’s wise to rebalance it as often as possible. Over time, certain investments will gain value while others lose it.
Rebalancing, it’ll help your investments stay on track amidst the highs and lows of the market. Moreover, several situations may trigger rebalancing, and these include market volatility and significant life events.
Diversifying your investments may seem complicated, but it’s crucial to protect your hard-earned money from uncertainties in the market. To get started, keep the above strategies in mind and never hesitate to ask for help or guidance from professionals. This way, you’ll be able to grow and keep your investments balanced.