In order for the garden to delight you for many years, it is important to properly and timely care for it. Plant fertilization, watering, protection against pests and diseases; aeration of the lawn; thinning of plantations; sanitary and formative pruning; weed control — these are some of the measures that you should take. In this post, we will talk about how to properly carry out preventive measures and apply special methods of combating different types of plant diseases.
What to Take Care of?
There are a couple of problems that you should prevent and timely act on when noticed. The threat of plant disease occurs when plants are in a weak state. Therefore, the soil should not be poor; it should be fertilized. And do not forget about using https://tbi-store.com/products/garden-hose-expandable-set-100ft-superior-strength-3750d-4-layers-latex-extra-strong-brass-connectors-10-way-durable-zinc-water-spray-nozzle-2-way-pocket-flexible-splitter-100-feet expandable hose 100ft for plant watering.
Prevention is much more effective than dealing with already existing diseases and pests. The latter damage mainly plant tissues. Also, they weaken the strength of the growth of shoots, reduce their winter hardiness, and the intensity of flowering. Most pests cause characteristic damage to plants, which can be used for diagnostics.
Here are some of the plant damage type that you should prevent:
- Leaf damage — Beetles, feed chains, and caterpillars roughly eat the entire leaf blade, leaving only the petiole and veins. Leaf beetles selectively gnaw holes in the leaf blade. Insect larvae and caterpillars mine leaves and eat away their inner contents.
- Damage to the trunk, branches, and roots of the plant — The dispersal of aphids and caterpillars leads to curvature and deformation of the shoots. Mouse-like rodents and hares gnaw at young bark in winter. Beetle larvae, bears, and other pests damage the roots of a young plant.
- Damage to plant buds — Weevils destroy the buds from the inside. Bronzes, garden beetles, leafworm caterpillars eat the petals of flowers.
In addition, plants suffer from specific pests and diseases.
How to Prevent?
Since the chemical method of pest and disease control brings a certain threat to humans and the environment, there are some other ways of plant protection. It is most reasonable to combine various methods of control — chemical, biological, agrotechnical, etc.
The biological method of plant protection involves the use of drugs that are safer for humans. These include the microbiological enterobacter and dendrobacillin. Both are used against leaf-damaging caterpillars and pollen larvae.
Alternatively, you can use the agrotechnical protection method. Pests and diseases happen when agricultural technology is not followed. Most often, plantings are thickened because the bushes are not cut off in time and old branches are not removed. Therefore, weeding and removing debris from the site are efficient preventive measures. Insectivorous birds are of great help in the fight against garden pests. Therefore, you can build a feeder, birdhouse in the garden.